Image PlaceholderIndia is home to the second largest number of adults living with diabetes nearly 69.2 million people with diabetes, second largest number of children with type 1 diabetes in the world (70,200), after the USA.

 All the cells in your body need sugar to work normally. Sugar gets into cells with the help of a hormone called insulin. If there is not enough insulin, or if the body stops responding to insulin, sugar builds up in the blood. That is what happens to people with diabetes.

There are 2 types of diabetes. People with type 1 diabetes make little or no insulin. People with type 2 diabetes sometimes also make too little insulin, but more often the problem is that their cells do not respond to insulin.
Type 1 Diabetes
Sometimes called type 1 "diabetes mellitus" is a disorder that disrupts the way your body uses sugar.
  • Also known as insulin-dependent diabetes or “juvenile diabetes” is the more severe form of diabetes.
  • It is more commonly seen in the early years, especially in children and teenagers though it can develop at any age.
  • Onset is usually sudden .
What Causes Type 1 Diabetes?
Image PlaceholderType 1 diabetes is due to completed eficiency of the hormone insulin. The body’s immune system mistakenly sees the insulin producing cells in the pancreas as “foreign” and ends up attacking its own pancreas and destroying the insulin producing cells, thereby leading to complete deficiency of insulin. With no insulin in the body to regulate the glucose entry into the body cells, the sugar levels remain high in the bloodstream.
Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes
  • Intense thirst.
  • Being very tired.
  • Urinating often.
  • Losing weight.
  • Blurred vision.
In extreme cases, type 1 diabetes can also cause nausea or vomiting, belly pain, and panting. Your doctor can do a blood test to measure the amount of sugar in your blood. The test will show whether you have diabetes. If you do, your doctor can then decide whether it is type 1 or type 2 – based on your age, your weight, and other factors.
Treatment of Type 1 Diabetes
Image PlaceholderTreatment for type 1 diabetes involves 2 key parts:
  • Measuring your blood sugar often, to make sure it does not get too high or too low.
  • Using insulin shots to keep your blood sugar levels in the right range.
Diabetes and your Doctor
Image PlaceholderYou will probably need to see your doctor or nurse at least 3 or 4 times a year. Sometimes you will need more visits to learn how to manage your diabetes or if your blood sugar is not well controlled. During your visits, your doctor or nurse will want to measure your blood sugar using a test called "A1C." This test tells you your average blood sugar level over the last few months. Its results will help your doctor or nurse decide whether to adjust your treatment. During some of your visits, your doctor or nurse will also check other aspects of your health. For instance, he or she might measure your blood pressure or cholesterol. It is very important that you keep all your appointments with your doctor or nurse.

Keeping your blood sugar close to normal will help you to prevent diabetes related complications like:
  • Nerve damage.
  • Kidney disease.
  • Vision problems (or even blindness).
  • Pain or loss of feeling in the hands and feet.
  • The need to have fingers, toes, or other body parts removed (amputated).
  • Heart disease and strokes.
Having low blood sugar can cause problems, too. It can make your heart beat fast, and make you shake and sweat. If blood sugar gets really low, it can cause more serious problems, too. People with very low blood sugar can get headaches, get very sleepy, pass out, or even have seizures.

Keep your blood pressure and cholesterol low
People with diabetes have a much higher risk of heart disease and strokes than people who do not have diabetes. Keeping blood pressure and cholesterol low can help lower those risks. If your doctor or nurse puts you on blood pressure or cholesterol medicines, be sure to take them, as they can prevent heart attacks, strokes, and even death. Many women with type 1 diabetes have healthy pregnancies. If you want to have a baby, make sure you control your blood sugar really well before and during pregnancy. This will protect you and your baby from problems.