Prediabetes earlier known as Borderline diabetes refers to individuals whose glucose levels currently do not meet the criteria for diabetes but are also too high to be considered normal.

Lifestyle risk factors for prediabetes include overweight and physical inactivity.Such individuals are bound to develop Type 2 diabetes in the future if no lifestyle modifications are done.

Increasing awareness about risk factors of individuals with prediabetes may help decrease the development of diabetes. If left untreated, the individuals with prediabetes may develop type 2 diabetes within 4 years. Lifestyle intervention may decrease the risk of prediabetes progressing to diabetes for as long as 10 years.
Who Should Get Tested?
  • Genetically predisposed individuals – Having a family member with diabetes puts you at a higher risk for developing the disease.
  • Over-weight individuals with BMI > 25 kg/m2.
  • People leading sedentary lifestyle.
  • Individuals with history of heart diseases.
How do I know If I am a Pre-Diabetic?
If you fall under the risk category for diabetes, visit your doctor to get regular blood testing done. The blood tests will tell you if your blood sugar levels are in the normal, prediabetic or diabetic range.

Category Fasting Range (mg/dl) Post-Prandial value – 2 hours
after consuming glucose (mg/dl)
NORMAL 70-130 mg/dl <180 mg/dl
PREDIABETIC 100-125 mg/dl 140 -199 mg/dl
ESTABLISHED DIABETES ≥ 126 mg/dl ≥ 200 mg/dl
If you are a Prediabetic, annual testing for Type 2 diabetes is generally recommended.
What Should I do If I have Pre-Diabetes?
If you have pre-diabetes, make lifestyle changes to reduce the chance that you will get full-blown diabetes. Here's what you should do:
  • Lose weight.
  • Eat right.
  • Be active for 30 minutes a day.
  • Quit smoking.