Getting Started With Type 1 Diabetes
What to do when you have just been told that you have type 1 diabetes. What next?

Entering into proper type 1 diabetes management comprises of a handful of elements: blood glucose control and insulin management, exercise, nutrition and support.

Take Medication
Diagnosis of type 1 diabetes means your pancreas is no longer capable of producing insulin. You will have to work closely with your healthcare team to determine which insulin is best for you and your body, it will be on you to monitor glucose levels and administer insulin accordingly.
Image PlaceholderExercise
Exercise is also a key component of proper diabetes care.
  • Stretching and Balance Exercises
  • Walking – A Great Place to Start!
  • Use a Pedometer
Nutrition
Giving proper attention to nutrition is one of the most important part. Understanding how different foods affect your blood glucose and trying to develop solid meal plans will be a crucial part of your daily routine.

Support
Take emotional support, it plays a key role in diabetes care and connecting with other people living with diabetes makes us understand the daily need of discipline and management.
Getting Started With Type 2 Diabetes
Image PlaceholderDo you know what is Type 2 Diabetes?
Glucose gives us energy which it needs to work. But to utilize it your body requires insulin. Having type 2 diabetes results in not using the insulin well. As body's cells can't use the glucose from food as energy, the glucose stays in your blood, where it can cause serious problems.

Manage Your Diabetes Well
Type 2 diabetes can be managed but there is no cure for it. Try to balance food with exercise and medicine. Most people with diabetes live long and healthy lives.
Image PlaceholderWho can help me in my diabetes care?
Your diabetes care team may include:
  • your doctor
  • nurse
  • dietitian
  • pharmacist
  • diabetes instructor
  • Any other health care provider can also help you care for your diabetes.
Don’t forget you and your family and friends are the most important members of your diabetes care team.
Image PlaceholderTaking Care of Your Diabetes
Day-to-day diabetes care is up to you. This care includes:
  • Choose what, how much and when to eat.
  • Getting physically active
  • Taking prescribed medicine
  • As prescribed check blood glucose level.
  • Going for appointments
  • Learning everything on diabetes.
What Does “Healthy Eating” Mean?
You have always flexibility in deciding what’s on the menu.

With a little change in planning, you can include your favorite foods.
  • Eat a variety of foods including vegetables, whole grains, fruits, non-fat dairy foods, healthy fats and lean meats or meat substitutes.
  • Trying not to eat too much food.
  • Trying not to eat too much of one type of food.
  • Spacing your meals evenly throughout the day.
  • Not skipping meals. To remain active is an important part of living healthy and managing diabetes. Any physical activity you do helps in lowering your blood glucose.
Image PlaceholderGetting Active
Add up benefits of physical activity include:
  • Gives more energy.
  • Relieves stress.
  • Keeps joints flexible.
  • Lowers risk for heart disease and stroke.
  • Feeling great.
Talk to your concerned doctor if you have questions in your mind about which activities to do.

Examples of different types of physical activity include:
  • Aerobic activity (walking, biking, swimming).
  • Being active all over the day (taking the stairs instead of an elevator).
  • Strengthening (lifting weights or using resistance bands).
  • Flexibility exercises (stretching and yoga).
Aerobic Activity
Aerobic activity helps in making heart and bones strong, relieves stress, helps your insulin work well and improves blood flow.

It’s best to aim for 30 minutes a day, at least it should be 5 days a week and If you are trying to get rid of excess weight, then you have to exercise for more than 30 minutes a day.
Image PlaceholderTry Do These Activities
Here are some examples of aerobic activity:
  • Take a brisk walk.
  • Dancing.
  • Join an aerobics class.
  • Swim or do water aerobics.
  • Go for a bike ride .
If no active participation in exercise is there try to engage yourself for 5 or 10 minutes a day and increase it slowly with each week.

Try to split up your activity in a day : For example, take a quick 10-minute walk before or after each meal instead of 30 minutes all at once.
Be Active Throughout the Day
Other than aerobic activities, there are many ways to be active during the day.

This will help you to burn calories and lower blood glucose. Here are some examples:
  • Take a walk instead of driving.
  • Try to take a walk from your bus stop where you get down.
  • Involve yourself in gardening .
  • Play with kids.
  • Take a walk while talking on call.
Image PlaceholderWeight Loss
  • Losing weight will help you to improve blood glucose, blood pressure and cholesterol.
  • There are many types of weight loss plans to choose from. Even using the Plate Method for meal planning can help with weight loss.
  • If you’re having trouble losing weight, talk with your doctor or a registered dietitian.
Medicines
Doctor will prescribe medicine to keep your blood glucose in your target range.

Some people with type 2 diabetes take both pills and insulin or insulin by itself.

While starting new medicines keep in mind, ask your doctor, pharmacist or diabetes instructor the following questions:
  • How many pills should I take?
  • How often do I need to take them, and when?
  • What is the right way of taking medicine – on empty stomach or after food?
  • What will happen if I forget to take the medicine?
  • What side effects can occur and what should I do to overcome?
  • Will diabetes medicine cause a problem with any of other medicines which I am taking?
If you exeperience any side effects call your doctor.
Image PlaceholderCheck Your Own Blood
Your Doctor may want you to start checking your blood glucose at home. For this try to get a small machine called a blood glucose meter. These meters are easily available in drug stores.

Know how the blood glucose Meter Works?
Meters work by putting a small drop of your blood for glucose. People prick their fingertip to get the drop of blood.

How Often to Check
Check blood glucose before a meal or two hours after a meal.Know your target numbers from your doctor.Check blood glucose before a meal or two hours after a meal.Know your target numbers from your doctor.
Image PlaceholderWhat You will Feel?
There are different feelings. Some of the reactions are:
  • A sense of loss
  • Stress
  • Anger
  • Shock
  • Guilt
Image PlaceholderTalk and get support
Your friends and family can become a great support group because they care about you. You can help by telling them what you need from them.
  • Invite them to attend your appointments.
  • Share this website with them.
  • Ask for help when you require it.