Treatment strategy for patients with diabetes may vary depending on the type of diabetes, disease condition, age, extent of metabolic abnormality, and status of diabetic complications. The objectives of diabetes management are to reduce symptoms of diabetes, to prevent development or progression of diabetic complications and disease conditions associated with diabetes, and to enable affected individuals to maintain their quality of life (QOL) and life expectancy comparable to those seen in healthy individuals.

The Goals of Diabetes Treatment are :
  • To keep the blood sugar as normal as possible without serious high or low blood sugars.
  • To prevent tissue damage caused by too much sugar in the blood stream.
Things to Keep in Mind to Achieve These Goals
  • In people with obesity, not only glycemic and weight control but blood pressure and lipid control along with smoking cessation are to be implemented to prevent chronic diabetic complications or their progression.
  • People who are pre-diabetics should attempt strict lifestyle modifications in order to reduce their risk of diabetes.
  • Glucose levels in affected individuals should be controlled as close to normal as possible. Achieving and maintaining favorable glycemic control early after initiation of treatment is likely to lead to favorable long-term outcomes.
Familiarize Yourself With The Warning Signs of Diabetes.
Sometimes the symptoms of diabetes are very obvious while sometimes the symptoms may just present themselves as subtle signs. Early detection and knowledge of the warning signs is your greatest weapon against the disease and its complications.

Presence of Few of These Signs in Case of Undiagnosed Diabetes in a Child Merits Further Investigation :

  • Frequent trips to bathroom for urination
  • Frequent trips to the water fountain
  • Irritability
  • Lack of energy,fatigue
  • Weight loss which is unexplained
  • Rubbing the eyes, difficulty seeing the board in school or TV at home
  • Difficulty in paying attention
For Children With Diagnosed And Established Diabetes :
  • Lack of energy and fatigue
  • Difficulty in paying attention
  • Confusion
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus :
These symptoms may occur suddenly and must receive immediate medical attention.
  • Excessive thirst
  • Frequent urination -urination in large quantities day and night
  • Sudden vision changes
  • A sweet, fruity odor may be present in urine, on one’s breath/body (caused by high amounts of ketones in the blood and/or urine)
  • Extreme hunger (increased appetite)
  • Rapid or unexplained weight loss
  • Fatigue (weak and tired)
  • Irritability and mood changes
  • Drowsiness, lethargy
  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • Abdominal pain
  • Rapid, hard breathing
  • Confusion, Stupor, Unconsciousness
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus :
These symptoms occur gradually, however, they must receive immediate medical attention.
  • Blurred vision
  • Tingling or numbness in the legs, feet or fingers
  • Frequent infections of the skin
  • Recurring skin, gum or urinary tract infections
  • Darker patches of skin usually in neck folds
  • Itching of skin and/or genitals
  • Slow healing of cuts and bruises
  • Any of the symptoms listed under type 1 diabetes