What are The Diagnostics Tests For Diabetes?

If your family history, weight or lifestyle predisposes to get diabetes, you should get tested annually to know the range of sugar levels.
Glycated Hemoglobin (HBA1C) Test
It measures the average blood glucose levels for the past 2-3 months.
It requires no prior fasting.
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Fasting Blood Sugar Test
It measures the fasting blood sugar level when you have observed abstinence from food for a period of 8-10 hours.

  • Normal : 70-130 mg/dl
  • Prediabetic :100-125 mg/dl
  • Diabetic : ≥ 126 mg/dl
Random Blood Sugar Test
It measures the blood sugar level at any time of the day/night

  • Normal : <180 mg/dl
  • Prediabetic : 140 -199 mg/dl
  • Diabetic : ≥ 200 mg/dl
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT)
This test involves drinking a special glucose solution (usually orange or cola flavored). Your blood sugar level is tested before you drink the solution, and then again one and two hours after drinking it.

  • Normal : < 140 mg/dl
  • Prediabetic : 140 -199 mg/dl
  • Diabetic : ≥ 200 mg/dl
Be Aware of Low Blood Sugar
Image PlaceholderIf you are a diabetic and

  • Have missed a meal
  • Delayed your meal time
  • Exercised too much
  • Consumed higher dosage of oral anti-diabetic drugs or insulin
Your blood sugar level may drop below 70mg/dl and lead to a dangerous episode of HYPOGLYCEMIA.